Education
Instructional Spending Per Student

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Source: New York State Education Department

What does this measure?

Instructional spending (including, but not limited to teachers' salaries, other instructional salaries, tuition expenditures, and other expenditures related to instruction) by public school districts in a county, divided by the total number of pupils.

Why is this important?

High instructional spending for schools can mean better qualified or more experienced teachers, stronger curricular materials or offerings, better teacher retention, or stronger instructional experiences for students. Instructional spending captures the amount per student that directly relates to students' classroom experiences. It may also signal public support for education. However, studies have found higher spending does not necessarily lead to higher student achievement, given the many factors that contribute to student success, including parental and community influences.

How is our region performing?

In 2017, instructional spending in our region was about $15,800 per student, lower than the state ($18,600) and the state excluding NYC ($17,700). Instructional spending has increased by 43% since 2000, after adjusting for inflation, less than the 60% increase statewide. Yates and Seneca counties had the highest per student cost for instruction at slightly above $17,000, while Wyoming spent the least among all counties at $14,600. Monroe County was third behind Yates and Seneca and spent slightly over $16,000. The Rochester City School District spent more per student than the region and counties at almost $17,200, though this level of instructional spending per student was still lower than the state level. Geneva was the only geography that spent slightly more than the state at almost $18,700 per student.

Notes about the data

All figures are in constant U.S. dollars.

Per-Student Instructional Spending
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
NYS$11,660$12,540$12,985$13,583$13,981$14,673$15,164$15,475$15,887$16,838$17,036$17,087$17,292$16,976$17,313$17,926$18,470$18,604
NYS (excluding NYC)$12,260$12,500$13,021$13,357$13,748$14,311$14,669$14,829$15,106$15,920$16,189$16,564$16,313$16,378$16,844$17,426$17,548$17,704
Region$11,010$11,387$11,813$12,053$12,253$12,567$12,739$12,891$13,057$13,839$14,248$14,660$14,043$14,272$14,795$15,375$15,626$15,778
Monroe$11,503$11,906$12,193$12,488$12,626$12,892$13,075$13,147$13,360$14,241$14,760$15,007$14,456$14,732$15,184$15,777$16,001$16,046
Surrounding Counties$10,328$10,649$11,265$11,432$11,712$12,092$12,248$12,509$12,609$13,240$13,482$14,132$13,410$13,565$14,184$14,741$15,030$15,345
Genesee$10,776$11,111$11,608$11,723$11,937$12,226$12,388$12,955$12,734$13,614$13,429$13,960$13,082$13,167$14,046$14,814$14,940$15,047
Livingston$10,082$10,189$10,835$10,839$11,314$11,768$11,983$11,981$12,182$12,847$13,166$13,150$12,888$13,104$13,789$14,396$14,570$15,059
Ontario$10,617$10,621$11,193$11,478$11,693$12,048$12,194$12,202$12,288$12,801$12,870$13,363$12,890$13,163$13,642$14,085$14,402$14,844
Orleans$9,597$10,127$10,902$10,849$11,288$11,374$11,494$11,876$12,472$12,930$13,163$13,894$12,985$12,733$13,617$14,572$14,683$14,762
Seneca$9,804$10,349$11,267$11,433$11,829$12,580$12,336$12,785$13,200$13,969$14,343$15,340$14,614$14,671$15,317$15,837$16,289$17,067
Wayne$10,686$10,991$11,698$11,858$12,072$12,311$12,508$12,941$12,877$13,627$14,200$15,305$14,190$14,378$14,853$15,311$15,802$15,993
Wyoming$10,056$10,744$11,274$11,409$11,654$12,280$12,486$12,453$12,577$12,965$13,162$13,886$13,451$13,558$14,211$14,395$14,609$14,564
Yates$9,844$10,534$10,760$11,400$11,545$12,232$12,548$13,319$13,300$14,020$14,724$15,535$14,152$14,558$15,095$16,022$16,296$17,108
Rochester School District$12,316$13,038$12,692$13,305$13,841$13,697$13,956$14,331$14,842$16,215$16,603$16,213$15,655$16,057$16,641$16,883$17,287$17,185
Batavia School District$12,134$12,303$13,162$13,724$13,923$13,753$14,375$15,494$14,709$15,215$14,819$15,445$14,026$13,404$14,691$15,238$15,890$15,588
Canandaigua School District$9,941$10,400$10,775$11,427$11,357$11,539$12,169$12,109$11,799$12,296$13,020$13,288$13,107$13,149$13,650$14,519$14,568$15,020
Geneva School District$11,700$10,651$12,119$11,862$12,589$14,104$13,470$14,193$15,182$16,154$15,320$16,084$15,762$16,914$17,509$16,401$17,613$18,670

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures are in constant 2017 dollars.




Instructional Spending
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
NYS33,367,718,83136,028,405,19637,447,938,39139,050,623,69340,127,034,01141,792,609,29642,812,143,64543,366,517,89644,467,643,74246,829,650,10247,508,935,93447,537,984,46947,923,009,09346,849,763,70947,742,838,79249,763,738,60151,262,668,06951,615,164,772
NYS (excluding NYC)21,948,421,84422,519,617,68823,636,116,09624,262,883,50424,928,189,72825,824,043,27426,294,994,03126,447,211,55026,816,106,37727,940,372,43928,216,368,81028,572,489,63427,852,964,08127,679,006,71628,206,669,19629,061,959,03629,056,926,83329,216,479,614
Region2,283,498,6712,358,486,1302,445,300,6332,455,092,5162,474,472,1042,492,648,2552,504,807,5842,513,718,8682,529,532,1382,632,855,5312,661,212,0472,703,389,7052,566,267,0552,569,037,6792,632,769,9102,726,802,3852,739,001,5722,771,800,334
Monroe1,384,613,2441,447,245,4821,491,576,7611,495,942,3941,507,673,6441,518,589,1401,528,311,0921,532,533,5731,546,120,9561,621,912,3391,652,011,9791,668,454,9511,598,274,9691,606,465,1421,649,433,0111,712,051,3101,722,258,6201,740,611,601
Surrounding Counties898,885,427911,240,648953,723,872959,150,123966,798,460974,059,115976,496,492981,185,295983,411,1821,010,943,1921,009,200,0681,034,934,754967,992,085962,572,537983,336,8981,014,751,0741,016,742,9521,031,188,733
Genesee119,670,532120,664,021124,848,337125,702,634125,521,505125,308,744124,912,377126,571,119124,669,904128,514,776125,429,887127,696,079118,051,751117,261,556120,736,124125,488,702125,305,523125,296,287
Livingston106,669,759106,946,188111,609,193109,326,421111,649,837112,935,890113,683,505112,308,384110,846,264114,225,527115,082,184113,983,912108,724,725109,013,810112,875,506116,205,695115,741,285117,975,725
Ontario200,947,241205,283,442215,999,487221,851,766225,092,757227,064,606231,737,447231,266,230235,430,155243,654,251243,341,565248,140,781235,607,101238,116,517242,501,408248,574,121250,335,093255,412,123
Orleans82,108,51783,797,21089,394,89189,950,63990,234,85988,979,96987,974,17189,453,74092,107,35292,114,97491,204,02292,688,22585,141,86981,264,79584,208,45689,237,10187,759,58787,240,667
Seneca53,234,39054,734,26558,181,03060,079,76660,244,24062,209,19761,134,90961,983,85464,203,11066,115,39666,123,35468,617,92364,345,24464,081,49664,620,77065,992,82567,551,55270,504,147
Wayne188,760,760190,315,388200,731,201199,638,662200,780,517201,279,334200,194,901201,625,464200,741,341207,172,849210,848,353222,024,817203,089,832201,772,898206,008,340211,783,848214,448,152217,809,768
Wyoming97,612,96598,949,237101,462,09598,905,01899,107,344100,783,131100,646,05599,266,79797,998,00799,996,33799,805,125102,642,20497,952,07096,251,50596,987,67198,733,36497,620,47897,653,046
Yates49,881,26450,550,89651,497,63853,695,21654,167,40155,498,24356,213,12658,709,70657,415,04959,149,08257,365,57859,140,81255,079,49354,809,96055,398,62458,735,41957,981,28159,296,970
Rochester School District466,255,499513,483,635508,654,551503,582,513516,555,580501,476,387498,923,741505,816,967518,785,904560,878,534564,808,089558,533,470543,325,993549,692,933566,188,272591,050,183598,077,078612,869,228
Batavia School District35,564,21235,789,05236,670,34138,192,69937,997,20036,224,66937,001,07038,643,17436,624,46837,140,14837,581,90438,920,73035,599,00034,341,74535,597,33936,661,84137,849,55736,974,568
Canandaigua School District43,105,92644,811,55145,698,66648,563,90848,575,05947,875,27749,955,48150,036,19450,438,81851,703,62251,925,24452,010,23950,407,82750,678,17151,760,73552,777,65052,196,24653,411,782
Geneva School District29,869,25329,759,85732,528,69232,061,99233,410,08233,610,87234,415,10535,326,47136,680,91238,979,96936,906,26538,488,99837,922,83738,799,64839,184,71139,330,36940,456,71742,437,923

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures are in constant 2017 dollars.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 80% 2016 3 1
Increasing
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Low Birth Weight Babies 7% 2016 3 0
Maintaining
Low Birth Weight Babies, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable
Infant Mortality Rate 6.0 2014-16 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.7% 2015 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 21% 2012-16 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families 39% 2012-16 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 18 2016 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 2.1 2017 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 2% 2016 3 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 0 10 Not Applicable
Tourism Spending $1,368 2017 1 1
Increasing
Recreation Spending $76 2017 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 81% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Voter Participation Rate 58% 2016 3 0
Maintaining
Registered Library Borrowers 63% 2016 3 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 6.0 2016 3 -1
Decreasing
Contributions as a Percentage of Income 1.7% 2016 2 0
Maintaining
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2012-16 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 0.9% 2017 2 0
Maintaining
Population by Age 0 10 Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16-19 6% 2012-16 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $53,369 2012-16 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty 14% 2012-16 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Public Assistance Recipients 2.6% 2017 3 0
Maintaining
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 26% 2017 0 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP 14% 2012-16 3 1
Increasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 16% 2016 3 0
Maintaining
EITC Dollars $177 2016 1 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs 0.5% 2017 2 0
Maintaining
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 0 10 Not Applicable
Change in Jobs by Sector 0 10 Not Applicable
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 0 10 Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate 5% 2017 2 1
Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector 0 10 Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 3% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 0 10 Not Applicable
Employment-to-Population Ratio 73% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,645 2016 0 1
Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation 44% 2016 2 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $22,208 2017 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $15,778 2017 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 9% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English 43% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 0 10 Not Applicable
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Grade 3 Math 48% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 0 10 Not Applicable
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Grade 8 English 41% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 0 10 Not Applicable
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Grade 8 Math 47% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Regents Algebra 1 78% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 84% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 85% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 87% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults 0 10 Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance 5% 2016 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 34.4 2016 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 685 2016 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 50 2016 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates within Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable
Gonorrhea Rate 21 2016 2 0
Maintaining
Gonorrhea Rates within Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable
People Living with HIV 104 2016 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
People Living with AIDS 132 2016 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable
Alcohol-related Crashes 3 2017 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $130,597 2012-16 1 0
Maintaining
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 0 10 Not Applicable
Median Rental Prices $807 2012-16 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.4 2012-16 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Overall Housing Cost Burden 31% 2012-16 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 35% 2012-16 3 1
Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate 68% 2012-16 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Vacant Housing Units 9% 2012-16 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable
Serious Crimes 214 2017 1 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 28 2017 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 54 2017 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 13.7 2017 2 0
Maintaining
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Arrest Rates 197.7 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable

Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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