Children & Youth
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights

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Source: New York State Department of Health

What does this measure?

The number of babies born with low birth weight (less than 2,500 grams or about 5.5 pounds) expressed as a percentage of all live births.

Why is this important?

Low birth weight is a leading predictor of neonatal death. Low birth-weight infants are also more likely than normal birth-weight infants to experience long-term developmental and neurological disabilities. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that maternal smoking is the cause of 20% to 30% of all low-weight births in the United States.

How is our region performing?

In 2018, 8.1% of babies in the 9-county region had low birth weights, similar to the statewide rate. Wyoming (9.5%), Monroe (8.8%), and Ontario (7.7%) had the highest rates in the region in 2018. Other surrounding counties had lower rates, with the lowest in Yates and Wayne at 3.8% and 6% respectively. The City of Rochester consistently had the highest rates of low birth-weight babies in the region, averaging 13% of births since 2000.

Notes about the data

Rates based upon small numbers in some of the geographies can vary widely, making it difficult to distinguish true changes from random fluctuations.

Low Birth Weight Babies
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
United States7.6%7.7%7.8%7.9%8.1%8.2%8.3%8.2%8.2%8.2%8.1%8.1%8.0%8.0%8.0%8.1%8.2%8.3%8.3%
NYS7.7%7.7%7.9%7.9%8.2%8.3%8.3%8.1%8.2%8.2%8.2%8.1%7.9%7.9%7.8%7.8%7.9%8.1%8.0%
NYS (excluding NYC)7.3%7.0%7.5%7.4%7.6%7.7%7.9%7.7%7.6%7.7%7.7%7.8%7.5%7.5%7.7%7.5%7.6%7.7%7.7%
Region7.1%6.3%7.2%6.8%7.3%7.9%7.9%7.5%7.1%7.7%7.9%7.8%7.9%7.4%7.8%7.6%7.5%8.2%8.1%
Monroe7.7%6.9%7.7%7.4%7.7%8.5%8.5%8.0%8.1%8.6%8.5%8.4%8.7%8.1%8.3%8.2%8.2%9.3%8.8%
Surrounding Counties6.1%5.2%6.2%5.9%6.6%6.8%6.6%6.5%5.5%6.2%6.7%6.6%6.4%6.1%6.7%6.6%6.2%6.3%7.0%
Genesee5.8%3.7%5.6%6.2%5.9%7.6%7.8%6.3%4.9%6.7%6.5%4.9%5.8%6.0%6.0%6.2%5.5%6.7%6.9%
Livingston5.7%4.5%6.5%5.1%5.0%7.5%6.8%6.0%5.4%5.7%6.7%5.0%6.8%4.6%4.2%6.6%7.4%5.8%7.5%
Ontario6.4%4.6%6.6%5.9%5.9%6.5%6.5%7.1%5.3%5.6%7.6%7.9%6.2%6.7%7.6%6.1%5.3%6.7%7.7%
Orleans6.4%8.4%7.4%5.4%5.5%9.0%5.4%9.4%7.2%7.9%7.4%5.8%5.7%7.2%9.8%7.3%5.9%7.3%7.5%
Seneca6.6%5.4%7.0%7.2%8.9%6.7%6.0%7.5%2.9%5.1%4.3%7.5%8.6%6.1%5.9%5.7%6.0%3.5%7.5%
Wayne5.8%5.5%6.1%7.1%8.5%5.2%7.5%5.8%7.4%7.2%7.1%6.8%6.3%7.5%7.2%8.0%7.2%7.5%6.0%
Wyoming5.8%3.7%5.4%3.5%6.3%7.2%4.9%5.1%4.6%4.5%5.3%7.5%7.7%3.6%6.4%5.7%6.5%5.5%9.5%
Yates6.6%7.5%3.2%4.3%6.3%6.3%6.4%4.8%2.8%5.1%6.4%6.6%4.3%4.3%4.9%5.3%5.2%4.1%3.8%
Rochester11.0%9.1%10.8%10.1%9.6%10.6%11.7%10.8%11.4%10.8%10.8%10.5%11.3%11.4%10.5%11.2%10.9%12.9%12.6%
Batavia9.4%6.3%7.3%6.7%6.5%6.3%5.6%5.2%7.1%4.2%6.1%7.3%7.1%
Canandaigua6.1%10.7%3.3%5.9%11.5%8.8%6.7%5.9%12.1%2.2%6.3%7.1%10.0%
Geneva10.9%9.5%5.2%5.1%6.7%11.4%5.7%10.2%6.7%9.6%4.7%5.9%11.7%

Source: New York State Department of Health
Notes: The benchmark for low birth weight is 2500 grams, or about 5.5 pounds.




Number of Low Birth Weight Babies
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
United States307,030308,747314,077324,064331,772338,565351,974354,333347,209336,747325,563319,711315,709315,099318,847320,869321,839318,873313,752
NYS20,02019,50419,86019,97220,40220,39220,75920,56020,47120,22619,91019,41718,93518,67018,64418,41918,39418,42318,115
NYS (excluding NYC)10,0869,3909,9009,8229,9109,93310,23810,0059,7529,6409,4959,4099,0698,9729,2608,9659,0439,0788,991
Region1,0488851,0049609791,0591,0971,0259721,0441,0431,0191,0119601,0149749331,0071,000
Monroe727619688660655722759694702740725707720680700673657731684
Surrounding Counties321266316300324337338331270304318312291280314301276276316
Genesee40263639375249453144422935343735323740
Livingston38294332324744363233382934242234392937
Ontario74537568637174805959798165698263526575
Orleans34393625253825423035322423304133243026
Seneca24202627302522291119173030242321211230
Wayne68606781955585628177697061727077667159
Wyoming25162415273019221819212929142521261936
Yates182391315192015818202014131417161313
Rochester415324379343315346407386390377362350371379340344309390372
Batavia1913131412111010147111313
Canandaigua71347131086142679
Geneva2016981017917111671016

Source: New York State Department of Health
Notes: The benchmark for low birth weight is 2500 grams, or about 5.5 pounds.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 78% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights 8.1% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Infant Mortality Rate 7.0 2016-18 2 1
Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.9% 2016 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 19% 2015-19 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
Single-Parent Families 39% 2015-19 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 21 2019 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 2.4 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 2% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Births 12 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tourism Spending $1,473 2019 1 1
Increasing
Recreation Spending $84 2019 1 1
Increasing
Voter Registration Rate 83% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 46% 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Registered Library Borrowers 59% 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 5.6 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0.9% 2018 2 0
Maintaining
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2015-19 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 0.1% 2019 2 0
Maintaining
Population by Age 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Race/Ethnicity 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 6% 2015-19 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $59,871 2015-19 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty 13% 2015-19 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
Public Assistance Recipients 1.9% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 24% 2019 0 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP 14% 2015-19 3 1
Increasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 15% 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
EITC Dollars $172 2018 1 -1
Decreasing
Change in Total Jobs 0.7% 2019 2 0
Maintaining
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Jobs by Sector 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 4.1% 2019 2 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 4% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Employment-to-Population Ratio 60% 2015-19 3 -1
Decreasing
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,590 2018 0 1
Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation 45% 2018 2 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $23,807 2019 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $17,112 2019 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 9% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English 44% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English 39% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Regents Algebra 1 73% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 83% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 88% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 88% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Without Health Insurance 5% 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 35.1 2018 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 697 2018 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 55 2018 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rate 18 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Gonorrhea Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Early Syphilis Rates 1.8 2018 3 1
Increasing
Early Syphilis Rates within Monroe County, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with HIV 103 2018 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with AIDS 136 2018 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable*
Alcohol-related Crashes 3.0 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $139,622 2015-19 1 0
Maintaining
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Median Rental Prices $878 2015-19 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.3 2015-19 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden 29% 2015-19 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 33% 2015-19 3 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households 49% 2015-19 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
Homeownership Rate 68% 2015-19 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2015-19 0 10 Not Applicable*
Vacant Housing Units 10% 2015-19 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable*
Serious Crimes 181 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 24 2019 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 59 2019 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 12.9 2019 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2015 0 10 Not Applicable*
Arrest Rates 170.5 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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