Children & Youth

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Source: New York State Department of Health

What does this measure?

The number of babies born with low birth weight (less than 2,500 grams or about 5.5 pounds) expressed as a percentage of all live births.

Why is this important?

Low birth weight is a leading predictor of neonatal death. Low birth-weight infants are also more likely than normal birth-weight infants to experience long-term developmental and neurological disabilities. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that maternal smoking is the cause of 20% to 30% of all low-weight births in the United States.

How is our region performing?

In 2017, 8.2% of babies in the 9-county region had low birth weights, similar to the statewide rate. Monroe (9.3%), Orleans (7.3%), and Wayne (7.5%) had the highest rates in the region in 2017. Other surrounding counties had lower rates, with the lowest in Seneca and Yates at 3.5% and 4.1% respectively. The City of Rochester consistently had the highest rates of low birth-weight babies in the region, averaging 11% of births since 2000.

Notes about the data

Rates based upon small numbers in some of the geographies can vary widely, making it difficult to distinguish true changes from random fluctuations.

Babies Born with Low Birth Weights
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
United States8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%
NYS8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%
NYS (excluding NYC)7%7%7%7%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%7%8%8%
Region7%6%7%7%7%8%8%7%7%8%8%8%8%7%8%8%7%8%
Monroe8%7%8%7%8%9%9%8%8%9%9%8%9%8%8%8%8%9%
Surrounding Counties6%5%6%6%7%7%7%7%6%6%7%7%6%6%7%7%6%6%
Genesee6%4%6%6%6%8%8%6%5%7%6%5%6%6%6%6%6%7%
Livingston6%5%6%5%5%7%7%6%5%6%7%5%7%5%4%7%7%6%
Ontario6%5%7%6%6%6%7%7%5%6%8%8%6%7%8%6%5%7%
Orleans6%8%7%5%6%9%5%9%7%8%7%6%6%7%10%7%6%7%
Seneca7%5%7%7%9%7%6%8%3%5%4%8%9%6%6%6%6%4%
Wayne6%5%6%7%8%5%8%6%7%7%7%7%6%8%7%8%7%7%
Wyoming6%4%5%4%6%7%5%5%5%5%5%7%8%4%6%6%7%5%
Yates7%8%3%4%6%6%6%5%3%5%6%7%4%4%5%5%5%4%
Rochester11%9%11%10%10%11%12%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%10%11%11%13%
Batavia9%6%7%7%6%6%6%5%7%4%6%7%
Canandaigua6%11%3%6%12%9%7%6%12%2%6%7%
Geneva11%10%5%5%7%11%6%10%7%10%5%6%

Source: New York State Department of Health
Notes: The benchmark for low birth weight is 2500 grams, or about 5.5 pounds.




Number of Babies Born with Low Birth Weights
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
United States307,030308,747314,077324,064331,772338,565351,974354,333347,209336,747325,563319,711315,709315,099318,847320,869321,839318,873
NYS20,02019,50419,86019,97220,40220,39220,75920,56020,47120,22619,91019,41718,93518,67018,64418,41918,39418,423
NYS (excluding NYC)10,0869,3909,9009,8229,9109,93310,23810,0059,7529,6409,4959,4099,0698,9729,2608,9659,0439,078
Region1,0488851,0049609791,0591,0971,0259721,0441,0431,0191,0119601,0149749331,007
Monroe727619688660655722759694702740725707720680700673657731
Surrounding Counties321266316300324337338331270304318312291280314301276276
Genesee402636393752494531444229353437353237
Livingston382943323247443632333829342422343929
Ontario745375686371748059597981656982635265
Orleans343936252538254230353224233041332430
Seneca242026273025222911191730302423212112
Wayne686067819555856281776970617270776671
Wyoming251624152730192218192129291425212619
Yates1823913151920158182020141314171613
Rochester415324379343315346407386390377362350371379340344309390
Batavia19131314121110101471113
Canandaigua7134713108614267
Geneva20169810179171116710

Source: New York State Department of Health
Notes: The benchmark for low birth weight is 2500 grams, or about 5.5 pounds.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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