Safety in our neighborhood, as well as safety in our larger community, is a high priority for most area residents. Crimes are often devastating to individual victims and disruptive to the community at-large, while high crime rates or the perception of crime problems can affect property values and the spirit of a community. Another concern is disparities in arrests and incarceration, with far higher rates among some racial and ethnic groups, in particular African Americans.
Serious crimes fell 46% in the region from 2000 to 2018 more than the 42% statewide decline. In 2018, there were 190 serious crimes per 10,000 residents in the region, above the state rate but below the nation.
Our region’s rate of violent crime increased 8% from 2000 to 2018, in contrast to a decline of 37% in the state. The City of Rochester had a 6% increase in violent crime during this time. While the state experienced declines in violent crime, most counties in our region saw an increase, with the exceptions of Livingston, Wyoming and Yates.
Between 2009 and 2018, reports of domestic violence declined somewhat in the region, falling 3%. The City of Rochester’s rate of 159 reports per 10,000 residents was more than double the regional rate of 59 in 2018.
Arrests have been declining in the region, falling 24% since 2000, though disparities among racial and ethnic groups were striking. In 2018, the arrest rate for black or African American residents was 64 per 10,000, compared to 28 for Hispanic or Latino residents and 12 for whites.
Similarly, incarceration rates dropped 7% in the region from 2008 to 2018. Based on 2015 data, rates were dramatically higher for black or African Americans (76 per 10,000), compared to Hispanic or Latinos (30) and whites (14).
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