Public Safety
Violent Crimes

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Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services

What does this measure?

This indicator shows the number of reported serious violent crimes per 10,000 residents. Murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault are included in the serious violent crimes measure.

Why is this important?

Crime affects the quality of life of those who directly experience and witness it, but it also impacts the lives of others within the community, housing stability, and a community's attractiveness as a place to live, work and do business.

How is our region performing?

In 2021, there were 25 violent crimes per 10,000 residents in our region, up slightly from the prior year and below the state rate of 38. The regional rate is similar to the rate in 2000, and down from the high of 33 per 10,000 residents in 2006. The county with the highest violent crime rate in 2021 was Monroe (31), a product of the high crime rates in Rochester (84). After Monroe, Genesee had the highest rate, at 27, while Livingston had the lowest, at 7 per 10,000 residents. In 2021, violent crime rose in most counties and the City of Rochester, with the largest increase coming from Seneca County, since 2000.

In the long run, violent crime rates have been highest in the City of Rochester, averaging 92 crimes per 10,000 residents since 2000, and lowest in Yates (8), Livingston (10) and Ontario (12).

Notes about the data

Crime reports are never complete because some crimes, such as rape and assault, are believed to be underreported. National data not available for 2021.Data for this indicator are released in the third quarter.

Violent Crimes
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021
NYS55524947444544424039394041393738383635363538
NYS (excluding NYC)26272827262829262625242323212022222220202020
Region23232527252833293026282727272327272824242425
Monroe28283135313744403935383636363034333530293031
Surrounding Counties14141415141516131413131413131216161715151517
Genesee14161819181618151915181915181920222922241827
Livingston1410121513101491111778971214991087
Ontario111010119111291013121414111213151212151515
Orleans13152216162520211717181914141417192116141614
Seneca9161612101113131314151817181618192114131619
Wayne13151415211818172015181514171222182119191920
Wyoming26241719141923131211891210914121816121113
Yates11812121289564758671071079614
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester74758193821021251111099610697981008188899178758084
Regional Cities
Batavia15201636292024152324293230384351486543494249
Canandaigua1381214N/A12171932193034284235483323443637
Geneva28231424232627201832253224211822192224163019

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
Notes: Canandaigua did not report in 2004 and 2005.




Number of Violent Crimes
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021
NYS104,48798,70894,59889,35784,26685,52483,81679,81877,44174,83075,83777,46879,30176,48172,36575,15774,12670,70968,57869,89870,70876,229
NYS (excluding NYC)28,74829,97130,75829,90928,57830,90131,73029,36529,01128,47327,34826,25926,30824,09722,92125,06925,00224,27622,46522,07722,74922,865
Region2,7172,7372,9793,3203,0073,4254,0243,5693,5813,2153,4563,3033,2913,3022,7953,2793,2343,3752,9362,8812,9543,076
Monroe2,0892,0962,3032,6232,3322,7353,2732,9562,9172,5982,8232,6612,6722,6862,2272,5262,4822,5702,2542,1782,2812,312
Surrounding Counties628641676697675690751613664617633642619616568753752805682703673764
Genesee859610811510896106871139210711292109110115127168128135103155
Livingston88667995866692617269474454564777915658615146
Ontario107971021188811013099108139128150150122130144164135130166168169
Orleans576595707110889917371798261595869788765586457
Seneca31575544373746464648526359625762677348455565
Wayne121139135145197171165162185140169141132153112203160189173169171186
Wyoming11310272805883100545247333751413658487163464552
Yates26193030301923131511181320141825172617231634
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester1,6261,6421,7862,0341,7822,1892,6662,3502,3022,0342,2312,0362,0672,1091,6901,8401,8451,8711,6161,5441,6961,764
Regional Cities
Batavia24322658473137233637444946576476709462716576
Canandaigua1591316N/A13182034203236294436503424453839
Geneva38311932313536272443334331282429242831203823

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
Notes: Canandaigua did not report in 2004 and 2005.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 78% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights 8.4% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights, Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Infant Mortality Rate 6.9 2017-19 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.8% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 18% 2017-21 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Single-Parent Families 39% 2017-21 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 20 2020 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 1.8 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 1.3% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Births 12 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tourism Spending $1,399 2021 1 0
Maintaining
Recreation Spending $83 2021 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 83% 2020 2 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 64% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Registered Library Borrowers 55% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 2.5 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0.8% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2017-21 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 1.4% 2021 2 1
Increasing
Population by Age 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 6% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $64,995 2017-21 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty 13% 2017-21 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty, by Sex 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Public Assistance Recipients 1.2% 2021 3 -1
Decreasing
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 22% 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Females Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Sex 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Households Receiving SNAP 13% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Female Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 15% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
EITC Dollars $173 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Change in Total Jobs 2.3% 2021 2 1
Increasing
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Jobs by Sector 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 4.9% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 12% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Employment-to-Population Ratio 59% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Prekindergarten Participation 58% 2020 3 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $23,561 2020 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $16,983 2020 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Grade 3 English 44% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English 39% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Regents Algebra 1 73% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 83% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Without Health Insurance 5% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 35.3 2019 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 693 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 55 2018 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rate 18 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Maternal Health, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Early Syphilis Rates 1.8 2018 3 1
Increasing
Early Syphilis Rates within Monroe County, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with HIV 105 2021 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with AIDS 124 2021 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable*
Alcohol-related Crashes 2.7 2021 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $151,405 2017-21 1 1
Increasing
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Median Rental Prices $936 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.3 2017-21 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden 28% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 32% 2017-21 3 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households 48% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Homeownership Rate 68% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Vacant Housing Units 9% 2017-21 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable*
Serious Crimes 165 2021 3 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 25 2021 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 59 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 10.0 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Arrest Rates 130.1 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,731 2019 0 1
Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0.70 2017-21 3 0
Maintaining
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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