Education
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau

What does this measure?

The number of residents with a particular level of education in a region, expressed as a percentage of all residents 25 and older, broken down by race and ethnicity.

Why is this important?

An educated population makes a more attractive workforce and is better prepared to instruct the next generation of residents. High educational attainment represents a region's investment in human capital and preparation for long-term growth.

How is our region performing?

The proportion of adults in 2016-20 with a bachelor's degree or higher was highest among Asian (53%) and white (36%) residents of the region, and far lower among African American (15%) and Hispanic (18%) residents. The region's Hispanic residents with a bachelor's degree were on par with the nation but lagged behind the New York State rate of 21%. The shares of African Americans with at least a bachelor's degree statewide and nationally were significantly higher than our region (10 points higher statewide, 8 points higher nationally).

The regional proportion of adults without high school diplomas was 7% among white residents, 19% among Asian residents, 22% among African American residents, and 26% among Hispanic residents. These disparities were again reflective of those on the statewide and national level, but the rate of African American residents without a high school diploma was notably higher in the region than in the state (16%) and nation (13%). The percentage of adults in the region without a high school diploma declined 18 percentage points since 2000 among Hispanics, 15 points for African American residents, and 7 points among white residents.

Compared to the region as a whole, the proportion of adults with at least a bachelor's degree in the City of Rochester was substantially lower among Asian (40%) residents, and a bit lower for African American (11%) and Hispanic (10%) residents as well. The percentage of adults who had not completed high school was higher in the City of Rochester for Asian (29%), Hispanic (31%) and white (12%) residents compared to the region.

Why do these disparities exist?

There are a variety of factors believed to contribute to disparities in educational attainment. School systems in the United States are highly segregated, and students of color disproportionately attend schools with high proportions of low-income students who may not have benefited from early learning opportunities at the same rate as other students. Schools also have different levels of resources ranging from qualified/experienced teachers to advanced courses to facilities and technology, and schools with large Black and Latino populations often have lower levels. In addition, teachers across all school systems tend to be disproportionately white, and teaching practices and curriculum may not be culturally relevant to students of color. Low staff expectations at racially and economically segregated schools also contribute disparities in educational attainment. The accumulation of inequities leads to lower graduation rates and college matriculation, with college affordability acting as another barrier. When Black and Latino students enter higher education institutions, they are less likely to attain a college a degree given weaker academic preparation and financial hardship.

Notes about the data

The multi-year figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.


Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS48%25%21%42%
NYS (excluding NYC)61%24%22%37%
Region53%15%18%36%
Monroe52%16%18%43%
Surrounding Counties54%10%*16%26%
Genesee55%**8%***14%***22%
Livingston81%**9%***14%**28%
Ontario58%*23%*23%*36%
Orleans44%***5%***17%**17%
Seneca59%**1%***17%**22%
Wayne39%**8%***10%**25%
Wyoming24%***13%***14%***18%
Yates0%***15%***16%***25%
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester40%11%10%40%
Irondequoit51%**27%*22%*38%
Rush30%***21%***100%***43%
Gates44%***24%*16%***30%
Penfield66%*58%**48%**54%
Brighton76%34%**52%*68%
Webster (V)78%***10%***20%***38%
Pittsford (V)100%***0%***56%***77%
Brockport (V)69%***71%***14%***35%
Fairport (V)100%***0%***36%***56%
Mendon70%***41%***65%***63%
Sweden68%***88%***9%***35%
Greece33%*18%*22%*31%
Perinton60%*34%**54%**61%
Chili36%***24%**41%***40%
Clarkson60%***72%***33%***34%
Ogden58%***38%***17%***35%
Webster61%*32%***26%**44%
Hamlin0%***8%***19%***29%
Pittsford79%67%***61%**74%
Hilton (V)N/A***82%***32%***30%*
Scottsville (V)24%***21%***0%***32%*
Riga100%***15%***92%***42%
East Rochester40%***27%***51%***35%
Parma53%***78%***22%***35%
Wheatland24%***39%***0%***36%
Henrietta39%*19%**36%**41%
Honeoye Falls (V)100%***0%***0%***50%
Churchville (V)100%***60%***83%***43%
Spencerport (V)100%***20%***0%***34%*
Regional Cities
Batavia16%***7%***19%***22%
Canandaigua82%***1%***9%***40%
Geneva57%***7%***17%**30%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Adults are people 25 and older. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of Adults, by Education Level and Race/Ethnicity
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS571,760506,621479,5753,690,102
NYS (excluding NYC)187,735158,489167,7972,325,634
Region10,18111,6128,254255,687
Monroe8,74610,5186,602176,717
Surrounding Counties1,4351,094*1,65278,970
Genesee212**90***146***8,466
Livingston342**121***168**11,073
Ontario478*398*633*26,377
Orleans101***97***201**4,464
Seneca94**20***130**4,983
Wayne173**136***196**14,690
Wyoming35***213***123***4,920
Yates0***19***55***3,997
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester1,5075,5512,07727,503
Irondequoit305**783*567*12,611
Rush10***8***23***1,072
Gates253***620*159***5,314
Penfield620*301**328**13,346
Brighton1,736450**464*14,206
Webster (V)111***22***67***1,567
Pittsford (V)21***0***31***851
Brockport (V)31***39***15***1,199
Fairport (V)5***0***38***2,340
Mendon19***27***55***3,864
Sweden47***161***29***2,392
Greece497*822*830*18,859
Perinton577*209**475**19,704
Chili142***394**230***7,236
Clarkson62***43***196***1,666
Ogden46***66***67***4,685
Webster547*216***269**13,464
Hamlin0***8***14***1,790
Pittsford1,285199***267**12,532
Hilton (V)0***97***23***1,023*
Scottsville (V)4***11***0***478*
Riga7***6***54***1,641
East Rochester8***52***76***1,555
Parma17***97***64***3,697
Wheatland4***37***0***1,200
Henrietta1,057*468**358**8,380
Honeoye Falls (V)18***0***0***897
Churchville (V)7***6***24***662
Spencerport (V)39***1***0***900*
Regional Cities
Batavia26***49***90***1,966
Canandaigua36***1***35***2,714
Geneva58***34***163**1,862

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Adults are people 25 and older. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 78% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights 8.4% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Infant Mortality Rate 6.9 2017-19 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.8% 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 19% 2016-20 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Single-Parent Families 39% 2016-20 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 20 2020 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 1.8 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 1.3% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Births 12 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tourism Spending $894 2020 1 -1
Decreasing
Recreation Spending $52 2020 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 83% 2020 2 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 64% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Registered Library Borrowers 58% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 5.4 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0.8% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2016-20 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 1.9% 2020 2 1
Increasing
Population by Age 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 6% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $61,376 2016-20 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty 13% 2016-20 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty, by Sex 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Public Assistance Recipients 1.7% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 24% 2020 0 -1
Decreasing
Females Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Sex 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Households Receiving SNAP 13% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Female Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 15% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
EITC Dollars $173 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Change in Total Jobs -8% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Jobs by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 8.1% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 12% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Employment-to-Population Ratio 60% 2016-20 2 -1
Decreasing
Prekindergarten Participation 58% 2020 3 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $23,561 2020 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $16,983 2020 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Grade 3 English 44% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English 39% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Regents Algebra 1 73% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 83% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Without Health Insurance 4% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 35.3 2019 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 693 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 55 2018 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rate 18 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Maternal Health, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Early Syphilis Rates 1.8 2018 3 1
Increasing
Early Syphilis Rates within Monroe County, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with HIV 104 2019 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with AIDS 132 2019 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable*
Alcohol-related Crashes 2.5 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $143,640 2016-20 1 1
Increasing
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Median Rental Prices $896 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.3 2016-20 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden 28% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 32% 2016-20 3 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households 47% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Homeownership Rate 68% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Vacant Housing Units 9% 2016-20 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable*
Serious Crimes 170 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 24 2020 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 57 2020 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 8.7 2020 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Arrest Rates 130.1 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,731 2019 0 1
Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0.68 2016-20 3 0
Maintaining
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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