Economy
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government

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Source: New York State Office of the State Comptroller

What does this measure?

The annual per-capita spending for cities, towns, villages, and county within a county, adjusted for inflation.

Why is this important?

Government provides critical services to communities, but the cost to taxpayers can be burdensome and can hinder efforts to attract and retain business.

How is our region performing?

Local government spending per-capita for the region was $3,731 in 2019, similar to the spending in New York State (excluding NYC). In the region, local spending has increased 0.9% from 2018 and 8% from 2000. Spending in each county increased from 2019, except for Monroe and Livingston. Spending in 2019 was highest in Wyoming ($4,888) followed by Genesee ($3,979) and Monroe ($3,846). The City of Rochester spent just over $3,165 per capita, a 32% increase from 2000 and about $57 less than in 2018.

Notes about the data

Data are presented in constant 2020 dollars. New York State excludes New York City. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Spending for Local Government
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
NYS (excluding NYC)$3,469$3,580$3,608$3,683$3,764$3,772$3,814$3,959$3,954$3,906$3,970$3,884$3,874$3,822$3,802$3,863$3,898$3,870$3,858$3,932
Region$3,445$3,420$3,423$3,403$3,398$3,360$3,600$3,625$3,634$3,658$3,713$3,681$3,639$3,667$3,729$3,796$3,863$3,756$3,700$3,731
Monroe$3,655$3,541$3,542$3,527$3,484$3,434$3,868$3,794$3,818$3,835$3,857$3,843$3,793$3,807$3,874$3,946$4,085$3,905$3,857$3,846
Surrounding Counties$3,113$3,227$3,234$3,205$3,263$3,243$3,178$3,361$3,344$3,380$3,486$3,426$3,394$3,442$3,497$3,556$3,507$3,516$3,446$3,546
Genesee$3,527$3,708$3,585$3,682$4,001$3,786$3,472$4,097$3,807$3,827$3,873$3,759$3,766$3,959$4,036$4,200$4,106$4,038$3,824$3,979
Livingston$3,327$3,105$3,267$3,240$3,203$3,243$3,300$3,443$3,476$3,666$3,781$3,404$3,336$3,567$3,660$3,578$3,666$3,810$3,607$3,604
Ontario$3,044$3,178$3,273$3,119$3,036$3,196$3,102$3,691$3,569$3,305$3,395$3,597$3,652$3,403$3,401$3,414$3,371$3,429$3,581$3,583
Orleans$2,893$3,057$2,987$2,828$2,967$2,887$3,077$2,856$2,917$2,975$2,964$3,036$3,019$3,251$3,157$3,097$2,905$2,907$2,986$3,011
Seneca$2,556$2,684$2,792$2,934$3,300$3,337$3,311$2,750$2,759$2,901$2,976$2,886$2,926$2,885$3,047$3,531$3,233$3,146$3,410$3,467
Wayne$2,647$2,754$2,827$2,848$2,927$2,747$2,674$2,851$3,020$2,996$3,203$3,106$2,971$3,089$3,059$3,132$3,077$2,910$2,653$2,976
Wyoming$4,222$4,013$3,853$3,910$3,833$3,893$3,948$3,990$3,988$4,285$4,448$4,265$4,164$4,284$4,603$4,529$4,765$5,121$4,783$4,888
Yates$2,777$4,074$3,653$3,497$3,328$3,361$3,027$2,572$2,635$3,163$3,244$3,158$3,133$3,087$3,210$3,362$3,207$3,058$3,081$3,134
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester$2,395$2,462$2,616$2,562$2,597$2,591$2,721$2,599$2,774$2,834$2,769$2,926$2,804$2,978$3,124$3,271$3,242$3,359$3,222$3,165
Regional Cities
Batavia$1,483$1,894$1,930$2,093$3,124$2,985$1,955$1,918$1,736$1,864$2,040$1,610$1,835$1,725$1,711$2,055$1,683$1,974$1,622$1,885
Canandaigua$1,938$1,639$2,273$1,925$1,833$1,946$1,941$2,461$2,110$2,058$2,161$2,094$1,950$2,337$2,014$2,360$2,155$2,277$2,495$2,614
Geneva$2,077$1,962$1,912$1,972$2,477$2,080$2,309$3,418$2,785$2,214$2,427$2,500$2,694$2,404$2,276$2,559$2,933$3,330$2,639

Source: New York State Office of the State Comptroller
Notes: Figures are in constant 2020 dollars.




Total Spending for Local Government
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
NYS (excluding NYC)38,048,140,80739,467,663,01539,922,168,56340,908,611,57341,889,691,79541,938,158,96642,375,361,11044,018,874,81744,062,707,20643,655,910,19344,475,059,94143,606,371,11643,490,707,33142,912,688,02742,652,073,17642,806,678,37243,522,793,18043,160,005,99942,978,569,79343,708,053,528
Region4,133,441,2574,125,540,2774,136,927,5834,118,741,8784,115,158,1524,059,952,6474,348,865,9234,386,208,3254,407,210,6444,446,509,3934,518,724,4554,486,465,1624,433,114,1394,463,884,1664,529,939,7294,597,632,8914,663,861,7794,523,631,0494,451,755,8384,480,710,169
Monroe2,687,401,9162,620,061,0102,625,864,6502,615,933,8872,582,155,6932,536,095,6202,855,785,0012,804,388,1302,829,400,3922,851,253,2952,870,951,7092,869,877,4362,834,746,5992,849,091,7812,895,391,0762,941,779,7293,038,495,3632,900,636,1832,865,283,2432,852,799,599
Surrounding Counties1,446,039,3411,505,479,2671,511,062,9341,502,807,9901,533,002,4591,523,857,0271,493,080,9221,581,820,1941,577,810,2521,595,256,0971,647,772,7461,616,587,7261,598,367,5401,614,792,3851,634,548,6531,655,853,1621,625,366,4161,622,994,8661,586,472,5941,627,910,570
Genesee213,560,676223,651,229216,109,278222,432,143240,963,855227,396,578208,040,945245,537,254227,991,300229,346,314232,112,184225,117,347224,695,311234,005,870237,003,588245,555,443238,181,910233,378,671219,821,977227,903,195
Livingston215,039,965202,082,367212,747,667211,008,594209,776,134211,839,096215,703,432225,397,472228,146,696239,823,838246,538,468220,747,539216,128,897230,545,623236,393,476230,236,465234,628,052241,864,748228,014,845226,736,899
Ontario304,432,254320,383,967333,049,328320,041,799313,879,199333,246,145324,585,564388,363,094379,372,706354,332,334367,001,764390,642,510396,637,233371,072,543371,842,515373,000,212368,173,853375,554,277393,014,307393,345,041
Orleans127,833,668134,214,790130,404,349123,279,818129,609,974125,521,969133,620,163123,795,665126,187,974127,851,114127,141,942129,483,660127,974,384137,273,529132,141,064128,451,814119,840,484118,584,311121,411,134121,505,502
Seneca85,178,32793,317,52597,832,689103,322,021116,523,949117,372,856116,622,74897,544,09697,573,998102,365,545104,915,237102,107,754103,548,964101,684,972106,286,528122,876,809112,214,668107,725,270116,540,141117,928,733
Wayne248,218,975258,310,029265,025,548267,716,079274,761,734257,487,087250,295,438266,645,724283,132,495280,535,994300,295,297289,608,541276,351,371285,210,866280,789,937285,907,817279,272,677263,154,522239,343,647267,584,260
Wyoming183,475,144172,790,264165,702,710167,950,300164,268,350166,523,516168,457,799169,622,829168,599,167180,962,166187,495,395178,494,897173,653,962177,178,476189,352,062185,353,474192,678,077206,279,663191,446,088194,820,521
Yates68,300,333100,729,09590,191,36487,057,23683,219,26384,469,78075,754,83564,914,06166,805,91680,038,79382,272,45880,385,47879,377,41877,820,50580,739,48484,471,12880,376,69376,453,40476,880,45678,086,420
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester527,337,282542,118,194574,137,073559,202,699563,197,994556,756,595581,243,191552,632,950587,782,248598,691,264583,357,526615,841,540589,674,066625,990,050653,853,457682,164,444673,298,889693,380,985663,756,089651,008,751
Regional Cities
Batavia24,383,45830,820,73131,230,20333,742,45649,930,33147,308,89430,755,13130,043,49827,013,74828,891,50831,389,43624,622,47327,905,23325,925,21225,524,79430,396,16724,660,48228,755,71923,488,56327,102,277
Canandaigua22,027,32318,417,69225,401,87421,376,63520,187,60121,299,17521,004,97026,375,27622,500,94721,797,79922,890,63622,086,61620,490,66124,525,52921,073,60024,571,99122,256,62223,420,21825,538,33026,544,107
Geneva28,531,12326,697,30925,994,78426,762,60233,457,46828,099,30130,932,85145,579,91037,104,12029,408,64032,216,78632,974,55135,490,64131,527,66329,551,34832,642,75537,546,65242,375,27233,328,571

Source: New York State Office of the State Comptroller
Notes: Figures are in constant 2020 dollars.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 78% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights 8.4% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Infant Mortality Rate 6.9 2017-19 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.8% 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 19% 2016-20 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Single-Parent Families 39% 2016-20 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 20 2020 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 1.8 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 1.3% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Births 12 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tourism Spending $894 2020 1 -1
Decreasing
Recreation Spending $52 2020 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 83% 2020 2 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 64% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Registered Library Borrowers 58% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 5.4 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0.8% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2016-20 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 1.9% 2020 2 1
Increasing
Population by Age 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 6% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $61,376 2016-20 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty 13% 2016-20 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty, by Sex 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Public Assistance Recipients 1.7% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 24% 2020 0 -1
Decreasing
Females Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Sex 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Households Receiving SNAP 13% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Female Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 15% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
EITC Dollars $173 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Change in Total Jobs -8% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Jobs by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 8.1% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 12% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Employment-to-Population Ratio 60% 2016-20 2 -1
Decreasing
Prekindergarten Participation 58% 2020 3 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $23,561 2020 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $16,983 2020 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Grade 3 English 44% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English 39% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Regents Algebra 1 73% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 83% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Without Health Insurance 4% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 35.3 2019 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 693 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 55 2018 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rate 18 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Maternal Health, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Early Syphilis Rates 1.8 2018 3 1
Increasing
Early Syphilis Rates within Monroe County, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with HIV 104 2019 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with AIDS 132 2019 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable*
Alcohol-related Crashes 2.5 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $143,640 2016-20 1 1
Increasing
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Median Rental Prices $896 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.3 2016-20 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden 28% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 32% 2016-20 3 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households 47% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Homeownership Rate 68% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Vacant Housing Units 9% 2016-20 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable*
Serious Crimes 170 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 24 2020 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 57 2020 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 8.7 2020 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Arrest Rates 130.1 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,731 2019 0 1
Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0.68 2016-20 3 0
Maintaining
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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