Economy

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau

What does this measure?

The unemployment rate for racial and ethnic groups in a geographic area. Unemployed individuals are those without jobs who are able, available and seeking work; the rate presents them as a share of the total labor force.

Why is this important?

Unemployment rates are a relatively timely indicator of current local economic conditions, particularly recent changes in the employment landscape that reflect the overall health of the economy.

How is our region performing?

In 2014-18, 14% of African American and 11% of Hispanic residents of the region were unemployed, compared to 4% for both Asian and white residents. This is in line with disparities observed at the statewide and national levels, but the region's unemployment rates for Hispanic and African American residents are higher than the nation or New York State. Unemployment rates for all groups were higher in the City of Rochester, where 16% of Hispanic residents and 18% of African American residents were unemployed, compared to 7% of both Asian and white residents.

Since 2000, the region's unemployment rate declined 2 percentage points among Hispanic workers. The rate was essentially flat among African American and white residents.

Notes about the data

The multi-year figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census.

Data on unemployment by race and ethnicity is only available from the American Community Survey, and it is somewhat different from the total population unemployment data produced by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics using responses to the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. Two different survey methodologies are used (ACS responses are collected by mail, phone and in person; CPS uses phone and in-person interviews), CPS questions on employment are more detailed, and CPS requires that someone be "actively" searching for work (interviewing, calling contacts) in order to qualify as unemployed. In addition, the ACS estimates used here cover a 5-year period, compared to an annual average of monthly estimates presented in the general unemployment indicator. In 2009, the annual unemployment estimates for the nation from the two surveys varied, with ACS at 9.9% and CPS at 9.3%. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity, 2014-18
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
United States4.6%10.6%6.8%4.9%
NYS4.9%10.0%7.8%4.8%
NYS (excluding NYC)4.2%9.4%6.5%4.7%
Region3.9%**13.8%10.8%4.4%
Monroe4.1%**14.1%11.0%4.4%
Surrounding Counties2.4%******10.2%****10.0%**4.5%
GeneseeN/A******3.9%******14.7%******4.7%
Livingston4.9%******2.8%******5.9%******4.0%
OntarioN/A******6.1%******10.9%****3.7%
OrleansN/A******6.7%******22.6%****4.8%
SenecaN/A******0.6%******0.4%******3.5%**
Wayne1.1%******21.8%******6.1%******5.4%
Wyoming36.4%******36.6%******9.5%******5.2%
Yates12.1%******9.3%******N/A******4.7%**
Rochester6.7%****17.5%15.7%7.0%
BataviaN/A******N/A******20.9%******4.8%**
CanandaiguaN/A******1.3%******1.1%******4.5%****
GenevaN/A******7.4%******21.9%****4.6%****

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number Unemployed by Race/Ethnicity, 2014-18
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
United States430,4822,091,1821,874,1715,912,188
NYS42,089149,224139,781315,617
NYS (excluding NYC)9,49145,97639,825218,859
Region605**7,6703,77623,349
Monroe556**7,1993,07013,529
Surrounding Counties49******471****706**9,820
Genesee0******31******120******1,366
Livingston17******10******42******1,163
Ontario0******73******246****1,987
Orleans0******55******153****833
Seneca0******1******1******550**
Wayne4******220******108******2,397
Wyoming24******74******36******983
Yates4******7******0******541**
Rochester237****6,3662,3793,817
Batavia0******0******50******320**
Canandaigua0******1******1******231****
Geneva0******50******216****216****

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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