Public Safety

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Source: New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision

What does this measure?

The number of people incarcerated in local jails, expressed as a rate per 10,000 residents.

Why is this important?

Incarceration serves to remove offenders from a community, but also creates hardships on families, including the loss of an income or a caregiver, in addition to long-term effects on mental health for all involved. After incarceration, people often encounter challenges in obtaining meaningful employment, leading to reductions in long-term productivity, recidivism and widespread effects on a community's social, health and educational systems.

How is our region performing?

In 2020, 9 of every 10,000 residents in our region was incarcerated in local jails, similar to the state (excluding NYC) rate. The regional incarceration rate decreased 38% from 2005 to 2020, while the state (excluding NYC) rate decreased by 45%. Monroe County's rate of 9 of every 10,000 residents was a decrease of 35% from 2005, similar to the surrounding counties rate of 9. Of the surrounding counties, only Livingston, Seneca and Yates counties had a higher incarceration rate than Monroe. Livingston County had an increase of 5% in the same 2005 to 2020 time period while all other counties saw a decrease in incarceration rates.

Notes about the data

New York City started reporting jail population data through Jails Daily Population Reporting System (JDPRS) starting in 2016. Comparable national data is not available.

Incarceration Rate
2005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
NYS (excluding NYC)13.213.613.113.013.013.513.613.814.113.813.413.513.312.711.37.3
Region14.014.714.814.314.515.014.614.214.514.814.714.713.813.212.98.7
Monroe13.213.814.013.813.714.213.413.013.213.513.413.412.511.712.48.7
Surrounding Counties15.316.116.115.215.816.116.416.216.616.916.816.815.815.813.98.7
Genesee12.214.713.512.714.012.813.215.314.914.313.715.916.818.318.27.2
Livingston14.812.916.714.214.415.314.616.117.919.220.521.720.220.919.415.5
Ontario19.421.020.418.719.718.318.018.219.919.319.420.016.314.812.77.9
Orleans13.815.715.216.617.517.017.817.714.714.615.415.316.714.814.45.7
Seneca13.115.315.515.019.823.321.821.823.323.219.521.323.122.217.612.4
Wayne14.314.013.613.112.113.814.211.611.812.513.310.89.810.37.65.1
Wyoming12.412.713.213.712.813.315.815.113.815.812.712.111.714.010.57.4
Yates21.123.619.417.018.618.920.819.319.418.720.718.416.816.817.313.3

Source: New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision
Notes: Rates are per 10,000 residents. New York City did not report prior to 2016.




Number of People Incarcerated
2005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
NYS (excluding NYC)10,99211,30210,93610,82210,84111,30211,40711,57311,77811,58711,16911,22611,03710,5599,3926,207
Region1,6961,7791,7911,7361,7671,8201,7741,7351,7691,7971,7791,7781,6571,5931,5541,059
Monroe9781,0211,0331,0191,0191,0571,0009709891,009998998928867918657
Surrounding Counties718758758717748763774765780788781780729726636402
Genesee7388817684777991888480929710510442
Livingston978410993941009510411612413213912813212296
Ontario20222021519921119819619821721121221917916213989
Orleans60686672757376756261646368605823
Seneca46545553708277778281687479766042
Wayne1341311271231131291321081091151219889936847
Wyoming53545658545666635765524947564230
Yates53594943474853494947524642424333

Source: New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision
Notes: New York City did not report prior to 2016.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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