Education
Instructional Spending Per Student

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Source: New York State Education Department

What does this measure?

Instructional spending (including, but not limited to teachers' salaries, other instructional salaries, tuition expenditures, and other expenditures related to instruction) by public school districts in a county, divided by the total number of pupils.

Why is this important?

High instructional spending for schools can mean better qualified or more experienced teachers, stronger curricular materials or offerings, better teacher retention, or stronger instructional experiences for students. Instructional spending captures the amount per student that directly relates to students' classroom experiences. It may also signal public support for education. However, studies have found higher spending does not necessarily lead to higher student achievement, given the many factors that contribute to student success, including parental and community influences.

How is our region performing?

In 2018, instructional spending in our region was about $16,400 per student, lower than the state ($19,600) and the state excluding NYC ($18,300). Instructional spending has increased by 45% since 2000, after adjusting for inflation, less than the 60% increase statewide. Yates and Seneca counties had the highest per student cost for instruction above $17,200, while Wyoming spent the least among all counties at $15,000. Monroe County was third behind Yates and Seneca and spent slightly over $16,600. The Rochester City School District spent more per student than the region and counties at almost $18,200, though this level of instructional spending per student was still lower than the state level.

Notes about the data

All figures are in constant U.S. dollars.

Per-Student Instructional Spending
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
NYS$12,287$12,945$13,325$13,943$14,364$15,068$15,573$15,922$16,312$17,265$17,926$17,407$17,747$17,394$17,751$18,364$18,921$19,058$19,637
NYS (excluding NYC)$12,559$12,911$13,349$13,701$14,104$14,684$15,056$15,269$15,534$16,327$16,959$16,632$16,765$16,778$17,255$17,852$17,976$18,137$18,280
Region$11,281$11,747$12,094$12,354$12,560$12,893$13,072$13,281$13,431$14,199$14,886$14,510$14,441$14,611$15,152$15,745$16,003$16,169$16,363
Monroe$11,760$12,272$12,467$12,770$12,923$13,204$13,389$13,522$13,682$14,555$15,355$14,922$14,809$15,037$15,502$16,120$16,354$16,397$16,613
Surrounding Counties$10,564$10,942$11,512$11,712$11,994$12,402$12,570$12,892$13,028$13,623$14,124$13,831$13,829$13,901$14,555$15,106$15,397$15,769$15,920
Genesee$11,039$11,487$11,916$12,044$12,264$12,560$12,737$13,348$13,112$13,992$14,001$13,731$13,463$13,488$14,389$15,176$15,305$15,415$15,567
Livingston$10,328$10,506$11,114$11,125$11,612$12,083$12,300$12,318$12,528$13,164$13,764$13,072$13,245$13,424$14,126$14,748$14,926$15,427$15,591
Ontario$10,895$11,062$11,542$11,927$12,075$12,560$12,766$12,870$13,010$13,465$13,860$13,452$13,654$13,848$14,347$14,734$15,007$15,552$15,652
Orleans$9,831$10,444$11,174$11,123$11,579$11,692$11,816$12,236$12,849$13,267$13,732$13,572$13,361$13,044$13,950$14,928$15,042$15,122$15,361
Seneca$10,043$10,690$11,571$11,759$12,171$12,952$12,706$13,192$13,625$14,383$14,909$15,026$15,081$15,029$15,691$16,224$16,687$17,484$17,236
Wayne$10,899$11,335$11,983$12,150$12,386$12,682$12,890$13,316$13,290$14,040$14,782$14,685$14,586$14,669$15,158$15,639$16,139$16,377$16,466
Wyoming$10,026$10,309$10,694$11,028$11,193$11,947$12,138$12,185$12,504$12,599$13,251$12,989$13,302$13,286$14,214$14,129$14,276$14,376$15,038
Yates$9,729$10,432$10,826$11,406$11,783$12,076$12,308$13,377$13,281$13,901$14,923$14,340$13,710$14,026$14,494$15,623$16,054$17,019$17,462
Rochester School District$12,617$13,452$12,994$13,630$14,179$14,037$14,298$14,827$15,216$16,584$17,328$16,511$16,054$16,449$17,048$17,296$17,710$17,604$18,209
Batavia School District$12,430$12,769$13,520$14,106$14,307$14,126$14,778$15,947$15,126$15,636$15,317$15,134$14,424$13,732$15,050$15,610$16,278$15,969$15,893
Canandaigua School District$10,184$10,748$11,062$11,735$11,672$11,866$12,514$12,464$12,136$12,651$13,338$13,045$13,488$13,471$13,983$14,874$14,924$15,387$15,397
Geneva School District$11,985$11,001$12,460$12,196$12,964$14,531$13,852$14,663$15,658$16,583$16,065$15,694$16,223$17,327$17,936$16,802$18,043$19,126$18,826

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures are in constant 2017 dollars.




Instructional Spending
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
NYS$35,162,741,830$37,191,957,434$38,428,249,920$40,086,629,645$41,225,520,039$42,919,930,656$43,964,822,381$44,621,245,392$45,657,434,788$48,017,292,742$49,989,444,314$48,428,650,056$49,185,072,002$48,002,758,095$48,949,158,535$50,979,206,543$52,514,747,025$52,875,853,396$54,227,830,683
NYS (excluding NYC)$22,484,507,033$23,261,158,111$24,232,679,916$24,887,476,786$25,574,565,955$26,498,455,515$26,989,950,971$27,231,068,444$27,574,762,654$28,655,249,847$29,559,295,485$28,690,866,596$28,624,820,724$28,355,060,142$28,895,610,649$29,771,790,742$29,766,635,632$29,930,085,470$29,961,507,587
Region$2,312,993,927$2,408,966,835$2,479,882,073$2,493,574,484$2,514,674,467$2,535,265,959$2,547,878,022$2,566,211,874$2,578,521,295$2,677,397,849$2,755,529,560$2,651,136,345$2,614,436,139$2,606,525,417$2,672,762,124$2,768,209,408$2,780,675,012$2,815,146,809$2,828,237,943
Monroe$1,445,463,100$1,523,267,553$1,557,713,051$1,564,472,404$1,577,921,717$1,590,915,283$1,600,787,474$1,612,696,171$1,620,334,243$1,695,894,941$1,760,052,771$1,697,734,974$1,674,535,796$1,677,422,819$1,722,041,690$1,787,473,889$1,798,661,027$1,816,708,248$1,834,815,358
Surrounding Counties$867,530,827$885,699,282$922,169,022$929,102,080$936,752,750$944,350,676$947,090,548$953,515,703$958,187,052$981,502,908$995,476,789$953,401,371$939,900,342$929,102,598$950,720,434$980,735,519$982,013,986$998,438,561$993,422,585
Genesee$122,593,457$124,745,518$128,155,585$129,144,326$128,954,079$128,728,063$128,428,650$130,411,370$128,362,534$132,088,586$130,771,178$125,593,216$121,486,095$120,125,642$123,685,076$128,553,736$128,366,083$128,356,620$128,710,191
Livingston$109,275,143$110,269,799$114,481,645$112,211,225$114,582,307$115,959,925$116,690,913$115,468,262$113,989,270$117,045,565$120,307,026$113,304,095$111,734,193$111,676,448$115,632,465$119,043,993$118,568,241$120,857,254$120,409,365
Ontario$198,042,378$204,025,338$211,932,606$217,694,738$220,006,760$222,456,503$228,643,969$228,917,246$233,517,695$240,465,221$244,017,848$232,920,466$233,311,749$233,660,069$237,895,285$243,822,515$244,216,924$250,316,189$252,056,662
Orleans$84,113,999$86,426,408$91,623,762$92,222,871$92,563,245$91,463,731$90,441,660$92,161,751$94,890,666$94,515,304$95,149,580$90,538,465$87,608,671$83,249,670$86,265,228$91,416,697$89,903,094$89,371,501$88,001,030
Seneca$54,534,628$56,540,984$59,754,068$61,791,296$61,987,063$64,047,860$62,971,417$63,957,127$66,273,953$68,075,319$68,730,517$67,211,557$66,401,366$65,646,672$66,199,117$67,604,685$69,201,483$72,226,195$71,186,106
Wayne$205,851,782$209,575,672$219,384,326$218,550,865$220,309,680$221,410,346$220,071,990$221,358,319$220,711,416$227,317,286$233,658,440$226,749,316$222,352,276$219,921,826$224,849,340$231,558,268$234,575,824$238,435,176$235,107,962
Wyoming$61,237,878$61,640,277$63,223,051$62,583,236$62,705,445$64,369,443$64,051,158$62,848,948$62,830,150$63,600,503$65,593,351$61,734,943$61,812,889$60,121,334$61,234,693$61,348,754$59,888,966$60,378,625$60,722,982
Yates$31,881,563$32,475,286$33,613,980$34,903,523$35,644,170$35,914,805$35,790,792$38,392,679$37,611,367$38,395,124$37,248,851$35,349,313$35,193,103$34,700,938$34,959,231$37,386,873$37,293,371$38,497,001$37,228,287
Rochester School District$477,643,683$529,789,997$520,743,897$515,882,401$529,172,332$513,934,210$511,152,487$523,322,996$531,830,470$573,640,339$589,473,241$568,784,283$557,172,186$563,119,057$580,017,291$605,486,449$612,684,974$627,838,419$642,533,338
Batavia School District$36,432,859$37,144,455$37,666,788$39,256,802$39,042,684$37,207,472$38,037,650$39,772,989$37,663,427$38,167,920$38,843,463$38,137,969$36,608,699$35,180,534$36,466,796$37,557,298$38,774,024$37,877,664$37,602,581
Canandaigua School District$44,158,779$46,314,942$46,914,077$49,871,736$49,923,277$49,232,877$51,367,986$51,501,703$51,881,306$53,197,713$53,193,507$51,059,165$51,875,371$51,915,974$53,024,979$54,066,733$53,471,128$54,716,353$54,028,744
Geneva School District$30,598,802$30,736,924$33,443,952$32,965,812$34,407,074$34,626,454$35,391,212$36,495,368$37,829,391$40,013,944$38,701,659$37,556,025$39,033,585$39,747,320$40,141,789$40,291,004$41,444,863$43,474,459$43,204,896

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures are in constant 2017 dollars.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 77% 2017 3 0
Maintaining
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights 8% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Infant Mortality Rate 6.7 2015-17 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.9% 2016 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 20% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Single-Parent Families 39% 2013-17 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 20 2018 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 2.3 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 2% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Births 13 2017 2 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tourism Spending $1,419 2018 1 1
Increasing
Recreation Spending $76 2017 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 83% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 46% 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Registered Library Borrowers 61% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 5.9 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income 1.7% 2017 2 0
Maintaining
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2013-17 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 0.3% 2018 2 0
Maintaining
Population by Age 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 6% 2013-17 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $54,972 2013-17 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty 14% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Public Assistance Recipients 2.3% 2018 3 0
Maintaining
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 25% 2018 0 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP 14% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 15% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
EITC Dollars $175 2017 1 -1
Decreasing
Change in Total Jobs 1.3% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Jobs by Sector 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 4.2% 2018 2 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 2.9% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Employment-to-Population Ratio 74% 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,590 2018 0 1
Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation 45% 2018 2 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $22,703 2018 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $16,363 2018 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 9% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English 44% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English 39% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 Math 45% 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Regents Algebra 1 73% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 78% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 85% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 87% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Without Health Insurance 5% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 34.7 2017 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 700 2017 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 55 2018 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rate 18 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Gonorrhea Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Early Syphilis Rates 1.8 2018 3 1
Increasing
Early Syphilis Rates within Monroe County, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with HIV 106 2017 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 2016 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with AIDS 138 2017 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 2016 0 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable*
Alcohol-related Crashes 3.1 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $133,156 2013-17 1 -1
Decreasing
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Median Rental Prices $827 2013-17 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.4 2013-17 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden 30% 2013-17 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 34% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Rent Burdened Households 50% 2013-17 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Homeownership Rate 68% 2013-17 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Vacant Housing Units 10% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable*
Serious Crimes 190 2018 1 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 24 2018 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 59 2018 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 13.2 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2015 0 10 Not Applicable*
Arrest Rates 188.2 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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