Education
Instructional Spending Per Student

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Source: New York State Education Department

What does this measure?

Instructional spending (including, but not limited to teachers' salaries, other instructional salaries, tuition expenditures, and other expenditures related to instruction) by public school districts in a county, divided by the total number of pupils.

Why is this important?

High instructional spending for schools can mean better qualified or more experienced teachers, stronger curricular materials or offerings, better teacher retention, or stronger instructional experiences for students. Instructional spending captures the amount per student that directly relates to students' classroom experiences. It may also signal public support for education. However, studies have found higher spending does not necessarily lead to higher student achievement, given the many factors that contribute to student success, including parental and community influences.

How is our region performing?

In 2019, instructional spending in our region was about $17,100 per student, lower than the state ($20,700) and the state excluding NYC ($19,100). Instructional spending has increased by 49% since 2000, after adjusting for inflation, less than the 65% increase statewide. Seneca and Yates counties had the highest per student cost for instruction almost $18,000, while Wyoming spent the least among all counties at $15,700. Monroe County was third behind Yates and Seneca and spent slightly over $17,300. The Rochester City School District spent more per student than the region and counties at almost $19,700, though this level of instructional spending per student was still lower than the state level.

Notes about the data

All figures are in constant U.S. dollars.

Per-Student Instructional Spending
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
NYS$12,509$13,180$13,566$14,196$14,624$15,342$15,855$16,211$16,608$17,578$18,250$17,722$18,069$17,709$18,073$18,697$19,264$19,404$19,993$20,673
NYS (excluding NYC)$12,787$13,145$13,591$13,949$14,360$14,950$15,329$15,545$15,815$16,623$17,266$16,934$17,069$17,082$17,568$18,175$18,302$18,465$18,612$19,054
Region$11,486$11,960$12,313$12,578$12,788$13,127$13,309$13,521$13,675$14,456$15,156$14,773$14,703$14,876$15,426$16,031$16,293$16,461$16,659$17,112
Monroe$11,973$12,495$12,693$13,001$13,157$13,443$13,632$13,767$13,930$14,818$15,633$15,192$15,078$15,310$15,783$16,412$16,651$16,694$16,914$17,351
Surrounding Counties$10,755$11,140$11,720$11,924$12,211$12,627$12,797$13,126$13,264$13,870$14,380$14,081$14,080$14,152$14,819$15,380$15,676$16,054$16,208$16,688
Genesee$11,240$11,695$12,132$12,262$12,486$12,788$12,968$13,590$13,349$14,246$14,255$13,979$13,706$13,733$14,649$15,451$15,583$15,694$15,849$16,331
Livingston$10,516$10,696$11,315$11,327$11,822$12,302$12,523$12,541$12,755$13,403$14,013$13,308$13,485$13,668$14,382$15,015$15,196$15,707$15,874$16,273
Ontario$11,092$11,263$11,751$12,143$12,294$12,788$12,998$13,103$13,246$13,709$14,111$13,696$13,901$14,099$14,607$15,001$15,279$15,834$15,935$16,434
Orleans$10,009$10,634$11,376$11,325$11,789$11,903$12,030$12,458$13,082$13,508$13,981$13,818$13,603$13,281$14,203$15,198$15,314$15,396$15,639$16,210
Seneca$10,225$10,884$11,781$11,972$12,392$13,187$12,936$13,432$13,872$14,644$15,179$15,298$15,354$15,301$15,975$16,518$16,989$17,801$17,549$17,959
Wayne$11,097$11,540$12,200$12,371$12,610$12,912$13,124$13,558$13,531$14,294$15,050$14,951$14,851$14,935$15,432$15,923$16,431$16,674$16,765$17,385
Wyoming$10,208$10,496$10,888$11,228$11,396$12,163$12,358$12,406$12,730$12,827$13,491$13,224$13,543$13,527$14,472$14,385$14,535$14,636$15,310$15,650
Yates$9,905$10,621$11,022$11,613$11,997$12,295$12,531$13,620$13,521$14,153$15,194$14,600$13,958$14,280$14,757$15,907$16,345$17,327$17,778$17,627
Rochester School District$12,846$13,696$13,229$13,877$14,436$14,291$14,557$15,096$15,491$16,884$17,642$16,810$16,345$16,747$17,357$17,609$18,031$17,923$18,539$19,687
Batavia School District$12,655$13,000$13,765$14,362$14,566$14,382$15,045$16,236$15,400$15,920$15,594$15,408$14,686$13,980$15,323$15,893$16,573$16,258$16,181$16,977
Canandaigua School District$10,369$10,943$11,262$11,947$11,884$12,081$12,740$12,690$12,356$12,880$13,580$13,282$13,733$13,715$14,237$15,143$15,194$15,666$15,676$16,472
Geneva School District$12,203$11,200$12,686$12,417$13,199$14,794$14,103$14,928$15,942$16,883$16,357$15,978$16,517$17,641$18,261$17,106$18,370$19,473$19,167$19,505

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures are in constant 2019 dollars.




Instructional Spending
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
NYS35,799,882,47237,865,866,98839,124,560,80440,812,989,98141,972,516,80243,697,629,74344,761,454,66145,429,771,90346,484,736,80848,887,354,83550,895,241,33149,306,165,84750,076,293,98248,872,556,82449,836,105,81851,902,937,82053,466,301,93653,833,951,46955,210,426,26856,680,051,251
NYS (excluding NYC)22,891,921,03223,682,644,84624,671,770,39825,338,432,03426,037,971,09826,978,601,31927,479,002,55827,724,489,02428,074,410,89229,174,476,26030,094,902,99329,210,738,37629,143,495,76828,868,847,18829,419,192,34330,311,248,61430,306,000,09530,472,411,60630,504,403,08430,999,985,933
Region2,354,904,8352,452,616,7492,524,816,9552,538,757,4692,560,239,7792,581,204,3842,594,044,9752,612,711,0322,625,243,4972,725,911,6702,805,459,1102,699,174,3152,661,809,1092,653,755,0472,721,191,9482,818,368,7142,831,060,1922,866,156,6092,879,484,9522,929,160,902
Monroe1,471,654,5531,550,868,8041,585,938,4461,592,820,2771,606,513,2891,619,742,2951,629,793,3681,641,917,8481,649,694,3201,726,624,1601,791,944,5141,728,497,5341,704,877,9931,707,817,3271,753,244,6821,819,862,4971,831,252,3431,849,626,5761,868,061,7821,902,377,048
Surrounding Counties883,250,283901,747,945938,878,509945,937,192953,726,490961,462,089964,251,607970,793,184975,549,177999,287,5101,013,514,595970,676,781956,931,116945,937,720967,947,265998,506,217999,807,8491,016,530,0341,011,423,1691,026,783,854
Genesee124,814,822127,005,877130,477,735131,484,391131,290,697131,060,585130,755,747132,774,394130,688,433134,482,001133,140,721127,868,936123,687,395122,302,291125,926,220130,883,099130,692,046130,682,412131,042,390133,117,624
Livingston111,255,183112,267,862116,556,025114,244,466116,658,512118,061,092118,805,325117,560,520116,054,729119,166,403122,486,961115,357,139113,758,791113,699,999117,727,698121,201,042120,716,670123,047,160122,591,154124,719,666
Ontario201,630,859207,722,229215,772,775221,639,315223,993,231226,487,363232,786,944233,065,173237,748,981244,822,394248,439,394237,140,930237,539,303237,893,935242,205,891248,240,522248,642,077254,851,860256,623,870260,143,371
Orleans85,638,12587,992,43493,283,96393,893,92894,240,46993,121,03392,080,44193,831,70096,610,06396,227,89996,873,66892,179,00089,196,12084,758,13587,828,33493,073,14691,532,11790,990,89189,595,58891,409,719
Seneca55,522,78357,565,49360,836,79762,910,93963,110,25465,208,39364,112,44465,116,01667,474,82169,308,82869,975,89768,429,41567,604,54366,836,17467,398,62968,829,66670,455,39773,534,91672,475,98272,969,060
Wayne209,581,768213,373,135223,359,518222,510,955224,301,640225,422,250224,059,643225,369,280224,710,655231,436,221237,892,276230,857,960226,381,247223,906,758228,923,557235,754,049238,826,283242,755,565239,368,063243,565,871
Wyoming62,347,49462,757,18464,368,63863,717,23063,841,65365,535,80265,211,75063,987,75663,968,61864,752,92966,781,88762,853,56562,932,92461,210,71862,344,25162,460,37960,974,14061,472,67261,823,26862,819,573
Yates32,459,24933,063,73134,223,05835,535,96736,290,03436,565,57236,439,31339,088,34638,292,87639,090,83537,923,79235,989,83435,830,79335,329,71135,592,68538,064,31537,969,11939,194,55737,902,85538,038,970
Rochester School District486,298,475539,389,668530,179,654525,230,070538,760,811523,246,577520,414,450532,805,486541,467,114584,034,567600,154,358579,090,521567,268,015573,322,643590,527,068616,457,721623,786,682639,214,704654,175,892682,631,318
Batavia School District37,093,01437,817,50338,349,30139,968,12639,750,12937,881,66338,726,88440,493,66638,345,88038,859,51439,547,29738,829,02037,272,04035,817,99737,127,56538,237,82739,476,60038,563,99838,283,93138,928,773
Canandaigua School District44,958,92547,154,15847,764,14950,775,40150,827,87550,124,96552,298,76252,434,90252,821,38354,161,64354,157,36151,984,34552,815,34052,856,67953,985,77955,046,40954,440,01255,707,80055,007,73256,879,500
Geneva School District31,153,24631,293,87034,049,94833,563,14435,030,52235,253,87736,032,49237,156,65638,514,85040,738,98739,402,92438,236,53139,740,86540,467,53240,869,14941,021,06842,195,83444,262,20643,987,75944,061,196

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures are in constant 2019 dollars.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 77% 2017 3 0
Maintaining
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights 8.2% 2017 2 1
Increasing
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Infant Mortality Rate 6.7 2015-17 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.9% 2016 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 20% 2014-18 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Single-Parent Families 39% 2014-18 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 21 2019 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 2.4 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 2% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Births 13 2017 2 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tourism Spending $1,419 2018 1 1
Increasing
Recreation Spending $80 2018 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 83% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 46% 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Registered Library Borrowers 59% 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 5.6 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0.9% 2018 2 0
Maintaining
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2014-18 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 0.1% 2019 2 0
Maintaining
Population by Age 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Race/Ethnicity 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 6% 2014-18 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $57,350 2014-18 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty 14% 2014-18 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Public Assistance Recipients 1.9% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 24% 2019 0 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP 14% 2014-18 3 1
Increasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 15% 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
EITC Dollars $172 2018 1 -1
Decreasing
Change in Total Jobs 1.3% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Jobs by Sector 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 4.1% 2019 2 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 4% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Employment-to-Population Ratio 60% 2014-18 2 -1
Decreasing
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,590 2018 0 1
Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation 45% 2018 2 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $23,807 2019 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $17,112 2019 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 9% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English 44% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English 39% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Regents Algebra 1 73% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 83% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 86% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 88% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Without Health Insurance 5% 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 34.7 2017 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 700 2017 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 55 2018 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rate 18 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Gonorrhea Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Early Syphilis Rates 1.8 2018 3 1
Increasing
Early Syphilis Rates within Monroe County, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with HIV 103 2018 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with AIDS 136 2018 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable*
Alcohol-related Crashes 3.0 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $135,915 2014-18 1 -1
Decreasing
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Median Rental Prices $855 2014-18 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.4 2014-18 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden 30% 2014-18 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 34% 2014-18 3 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households 50% 2014-18 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Homeownership Rate 68% 2014-18 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2014-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Vacant Housing Units 10% 2014-18 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable*
Serious Crimes 190 2018 1 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 24 2018 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 59 2019 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 12.9 2019 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2015 0 10 Not Applicable*
Arrest Rates 170.5 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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