Children & Youth

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau

What does this measure?

The number of children under 18 living below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2018, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $25,465.

Why is this important?

Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives.

How is our region performing?

In 2014-18, 20% of children in the region were living in poverty, comparable to the state rate of 21% and equal to the national rate. The regional rate increased from 14% in 2000 and is unchanged from 2009-13 levels. Child poverty increased more in our region than in the state (up 1 point since 2000) and nation (up 3 points). Child poverty was concentrated in the City of Rochester, where the rate was 51% in 2014-18, a 1-point increase from 2009-13 and a 13-point increase from 2000. Children living in poverty in Rochester accounted for 70% of Monroe County's poor children in 2014-18, down from 78% in 2000; this indicates that there has been a considerable growth of children in poverty in suburban Monroe County.

Among the region's counties, child poverty was highest in Monroe followed by Orleans at 20% in 2014-18, up from 16% in 2000. Most other local counties had child poverty levels under the state level in 2014-18, except Monroe. Child poverty rates increased from 2000 through 2014-18 in every county except Seneca and Yates, with the largest increase of 9 points in Genesee.

Notes about the data

The multi-year figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Children Living in Poverty
20002009-132014-18
United States17%22%20%
NYS20%22%21%
NYS (excluding NYC)13%16%16%
Region14%20%20%
Monroe16%22%22%
Surrounding Counties12%16%16%
Genesee9%18%18%
Livingston10%16%16%
Ontario10%12%13%
Orleans16%20%20%
Seneca16%14%15%
Wayne11%16%16%
Wyoming12%15%15%
Yates22%25%15%*
Rochester38%50%51%
Batavia17%37%*28%*
Canandaigua10%12%**18%*
Geneva27%32%*30%*

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Children Living in Poverty
20002009-132014-18
United States11,711,49115,701,79914,117,014
NYS915,710915,655835,815
NYS (excluding NYC)343,954400,322370,746
Region43,27752,38948,457
Monroe29,37736,14533,943
Surrounding Counties13,90016,24414,514
Genesee1,4402,3542,077
Livingston1,5052,0371,824
Ontario2,4172,7472,881
Orleans1,8171,8211,610
Seneca1,2701,0021,018
Wayne2,8353,5143,097
Wyoming1,2471,2691,175
Yates1,3691,500832*
Rochester22,92725,06123,769
Batavia6181,107*832*
Canandaigua262233**359*
Geneva871716*722*

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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