Education

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Source: New York State Education Department

What does this measure?

The percent of students tested who met or exceeded the state standard on the NYS Grade 3 English exam, broken down by students' race or ethnicity. Student performance is scored from level 1 to 4. The state standard is met by scoring at level 3 or 4 and is considered passing.

Why is this important?

Early reading skills are critical to a successful school experience and a productive work life.

How is our region performing?

In 2019, passing rates in the region were higher for Asian and white students (53% and 52%, respectively) than for Hispanic or Latino and black or African American students (27% and 25%, respectively). Rates for all racial/ethnic groups were lower than their respective statewide rates. The greatest disparities were among Asian and African American students, whose rates were lower than the state averages by 19 and 20 points respectively (Hispanic or Latino students differed from the state average by 16 points). In contrast, white students in our region were within 6 points of the state average. The rates in Monroe County were the same as the region for every group except for white students, who outperformed the region by 6 points.

Among students in the Rochester city school district, 34% of white students, 14% of Hispanic students and 18% of African American students passed the exam. Rochester charter schools performed much better, with passing rates of 45% for African American students, 55% for Hispanic students and 67% for white students (rates were not available for Asian students).

Counties outside of Monroe also had rates lower than state averages, as Hispanic and African American students both had rates of 25%, and white students passed at 44%, respectively.

We note that a substantial number of students did not take state exams in 2019 due to parent concerns about testing in schools. In our region in 2019, 15% of 3rd-8th graders in the region opted not to take the English exam. In 2019, Spencerport School District had the highest opt-out rate, at 39%, while the Rochester City School District had the lowest rate at 5%. The large percentage of students not taking the exam may have a significant effect on overall achievement levels and should therefore give caution to interpreting these results.

Why do these disparities exist?

There are a variety of factors believed to contribute to disparities in test scores and other measures of student achievement. School systems in the United States are highly segregated, and students of color disproportionately attend schools with high proportions of low-income students who may not have benefited from early learning opportunities at the same rate as other students. Schools also have different levels of resources ranging from qualified/experienced teachers to advanced courses to facilities and technology, and schools with large Black and Latino populations often have lower levels. In addition, teachers across all school systems tend to be disproportionately white, and teaching practices and curriculum may not be culturally relevant to students of color.

Notes about the data

Changes in the state's testing program over the last decade impact the comparability of test results year to year. In 2013, the state shifted to Common Core Standards and Common Core-based tests, making prior years' results non-comparable. The Common Core was adopted in most states to better prepare students for success beyond high school by emphasizing problem solving, understanding and synthesis, comprehension of nonfiction text, and other higher-order thinking skills. Due to the state's new two-session test design and performance standards, the 2018 grades 3-8 results cannot be compared with prior-year results, though results from 2013 to 2017 are provided for context.

Subgroup data is not published for small groups (fewer than six students) in order to protect the confidentiality of students. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the third quarter.

Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2019
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS71%45%43%58%
NYS (excluding NYC)69%33%38%55%
Region53%25%27%52%
Monroe52%25%28%58%
Surrounding Counties69%25%25%44%
Genesee29%32%23%48%
Livingston33%43%30%49%
Ontario69%21%23%47%
Orleans25%31%50%
Seneca30%20%34%
Wayne57%17%26%39%
Wyoming15%43%
Yates0%36%
Monroe County School Districts
Rochester School District23%18%14%34%
Rochester Charter Schools45%55%67%
Regional City School Districts
Batavia School District34%17%45%
Canandaigua School District0%50%46%
Geneva School District14%16%36%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data not available for some groups in some counties and districts. Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Due to major changes in 2013, previous results are not comparable but provided for context.




Number of Students Passing Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2019
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS12,53613,38921,56738,965
NYS (excluding NYC)4,0443,8027,20830,589
Region1504774043,687
Monroe1464443312,159
Surrounding Counties933731,528
Genesee2116243
Livingston238228
Ontario9522388
Orleans58150
Seneca3386
Wayne4624292
Wyoming2100
Yates041
Monroe County School Districts
Rochester School District132048457
Rochester Charter Schools1224010
Regional City School Districts
Batavia School District10253
Canandaigua School District0692
Geneva School District3821

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data not available for some groups in some counties and districts. Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Due to major changes in 2013, previous results are not comparable but provided for context.




Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS49%18%19%39%
NYS (excluding NYC)52%15%19%38%
Region46%7%12%36%
Monroe46%7%12%43%
Surrounding Counties46%5%15%28%
Genesee29%0%10%31%
Livingston33%9%23%
Ontario50%4%20%32%
Orleans13%17%29%
Seneca10%29%
Wayne57%3%14%27%
Wyoming20%27%
Yates11%24%
Monroe County School Districts
Rochester School District16%4%3%21%
Rochester Charter Schools3%34%30%
Regional City School Districts
Batavia School District0%26%
Canandaigua School District31%33%
Geneva School District0%21%24%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data not available for some groups in some counties and districts. Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Due to major changes in 2013, previous results are not comparable but provided for context.




Number of Students Passing Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS8,6566,3679,17135,830
NYS (excluding NYC)2,9472,0043,30230,107
Region1481461453,054
Monroe1261391101,924
Surrounding Counties227351,130
Genesee202163
Livingston22118
Ontario14212318
Orleans4599
Seneca177
Wayne4110249
Wyoming278
Yates128
Monroe County School Districts
Rochester School District10521447
Rochester Charter Schools1127
Regional City School Districts
Batavia School District039
Canandaigua School District472
Geneva School District0719

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data not available for some groups in some counties and districts. Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Due to major changes in 2013, previous results are not comparable but provided for context.







Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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