Children & Youth

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Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, New York State Department of Health

What does this measure?

The number of children under age 6 with blood lead levels 10 micrograms per deciliter or higher as a proportion of those tested within the year (either with a finger stick or venous blood screening). Only children who did not previously have an elevated blood lead level are included in this measure.

Why is this important?

Exposure to lead, even small amounts, significantly increases a child's risk of developing long-lasting cognitive, physiological and behavioral problems.

How is our region performing?

In 2016, 0.9% of children tested in the region had elevated blood lead levels, 21% higher than the rate in 2015 and an overall decline of 73% since 2000. The regional rate is higher than the statewide and national rates, 0.4% and 0.5%, respectively. The rate in Monroe County was 0.8%, slightly lower than the region.

It is important to note that not all children are tested for lead, despite a state law requiring them to be tested. Statewide, about two-thirds of children are tested between 9 and 18 months of age.

Notes about the data

In recent years, rates of elevated lead levels for all counties in the region except Monroe are considered unstable by the Health Department because they are based upon small numbers, which makes it difficult to distinguish random fluctuation from true changes. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter, with a two-year lag.

Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
United States4.0%3.0%2.6%2.3%1.8%1.5%1.2%0.9%0.7%0.6%0.6%0.5%0.6%0.5%0.5%0.5%0.5%
NYS0.7%0.6%0.5%0.5%0.5%0.4%0.6%0.5%0.4%0.4%
NYS (excluding NYC)2.0%1.7%1.7%1.6%1.3%1.2%1.0%0.9%0.8%0.7%0.8%0.7%0.7%1.2%0.9%0.6%0.7%
Region3.2%2.8%3.1%2.7%2.0%1.9%1.8%1.4%1.3%1.1%1.1%0.8%0.8%1.4%1.2%0.7%0.9%
Monroe3.8%3.3%3.7%3.2%2.4%2.0%1.9%1.6%1.5%1.1%1.1%0.8%0.8%1.4%1.2%0.7%0.8%
Surrounding Counties1.9%1.8%1.8%1.6%1.2%1.5%1.4%0.9%0.9%0.9%0.9%0.7%0.8%1.3%1.3%0.8%1.0%
Genesee1.7%1.8%1.6%1.5%0.8%1.7%1.8%0.8%0.7%1.3%1.1%0.6%0.3%1.4%1.6%0.6%1.2%
Livingston0.7%1.8%1.8%1.5%1.6%2.2%0.6%1.2%0.9%0.3%1.2%0.3%0.5%1.0%1.1%1.3%0.3%
Ontario1.6%1.2%1.4%1.5%0.4%1.3%0.7%0.4%0.3%0.5%0.8%0.5%0.5%0.9%0.9%0.7%0.6%
Orleans3.4%3.8%3.0%2.0%2.7%2.5%2.2%3.4%2.5%1.8%1.7%1.3%1.9%1.1%2.5%0.8%1.5%
Seneca0.3%1.1%1.8%2.3%1.1%0.6%0.5%0.2%0.6%1.7%0.9%0.5%0.7%1.5%1.0%0.3%0.5%
Wayne1.9%1.4%2.0%1.3%1.3%1.5%1.5%0.9%1.0%0.8%0.6%0.7%1.0%1.4%0.9%0.4%0.9%
Wyoming2.1%0.3%0.9%1.1%1.4%0.7%1.9%0.6%0.9%0.2%0.3%0.8%0.9%1.3%2.1%0.9%1.1%
Yates4.0%3.7%2.8%3.7%3.2%1.3%3.2%0.6%3.0%2.9%2.4%1.5%0.6%2.7%2.1%2.0%3.5%

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, New York State Department of Health
Notes: Proportion of all children under 6 screened in a year and found to have elevated blood lead levels. Only children not previously identified with elevated lead levels are included.




Number of Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
United States87,78276,99267,91470,23657,20454,05150,11737,28931,17226,56925,61722,15217,24612,79112,94212,14912,574
NYS3,5393,0102,7172,9472,5752,3553,2052,6421,7871,919
NYS (excluding NYC)3,6723,1783,1752,8052,5942,2832,0981,9011,6941,5761,7621,5921,5952,5441,9301,0951,310
Region597505579511381341355280267210212158163274254126155
Monroe4894074734143092592732212041511491121121911668296
Surrounding Counties108981069772828259635963465183884459
Genesee1211119610156699531315510
Livingston4121012101548629248882
Ontario231722226191075812881314108
Orleans2627181315111119139971061448
Seneca14794221374236412
Wayne241625161719221315141012152114613
Wyoming715563835125681356
Yates11108118310210985286510

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, New York State Department of Health
Notes: Number of all children under 6 screened in a year and found to have elevated blood lead levels. Only children not previously identified with elevated lead levels are included.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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